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5Numbers: Part 2

Numbers by 10's

Numbers by 10's are pronounced by saying the masculine form of the number and then adding ون to the end, creating the ūn sound. In Spoken Dialects, it is common for the و to be replace with a ي, making, for example, 20 and 30 to be pronounced ʿišrīn and ṯalāṯīn, instead of ʿišrūn and ṯalāṯūn

20 ٢٠ عِشْرُونʿišrūn
30 ٣٠ ثَلاثُونṯalāṯūn
40 ٤٠ أَرْبَعُون'ar·baʿūn
50 ٥٠ خَمْسُونḫamsūn
60 ٦٠ سِتُّونsitūn
70 ٧٠ سَبْعُونsabʿūn
80 ٨٠ ثَمانُونṯamānūn
90 ٩٠ تِسْعُونtisʿūn

Numbers In-between 10's

When writing and reading the numbers between the tens, the single unit number comes first, then the unit of tens. For example, instead of expressing 43 as “forty-three” in that order, in Arabic it would literally read “three and forty” or ṯalāṯa-ū-'ar·baʿūn. For example:

21 ٢١ واحِد وعِشْرُونwā·ḥid wa ʿišrūn
33 ٣٣ ثَلاثة وثَلاثُونṯalāṯa wa ṯalāṯūn
45 ٤٥ خَمْسة وأَرْبَعُونḫamsa wa 'ar·baʿūn

Large Numbers

When writing out or reading hundreds, the hundred unit is expressed first, then the single unit, then the ten unit. Units of thousands, millions, billions etc. are then expressed lastly. Here is an example:

أَرْبَعة مِئة وسِتّة وخَمْسُون أَلْف، سَبْعة مِئة وتِسْعة وثَمانُون'ar·baʿa mi'a wa sitta wa ḫamsūn 'alf, sabʿa mi'a wa tisʿa wa ṯamānūn
Literally: four hundred & six & fifty thousand, seven hundred & nine & eighty

The following is the larger numbers units in their singular, plural, and dual forms. Arabic has a different form for dual, when talking about two of something. The plural form is used when talking about three or more.

We will discuss plural and dual forms in the lesson on Nouns and Pronouns, but the different forms are listed here for easy reference.

En Ar Singular Plural
100 ١٠٠ مِئةmi'a مِئاتmi'at
1,000 ١،٠٠٠ أَلْف'alf آلاف'alāf
1,000,000 ١،٠٠٠،٠٠٠ مِلْيُونmil·yūn مَلايِينmala·yīn
بِلْيُونbil·yūn بَلايِينbala·yīn